Guide to the basic concepts of the digitalization of the construction sector to understand how digitalization and technological innovation can make the construction site more efficient and secure.
1. Digitization of the enterprise
Digitization of the enterprise: what it is and what benefits it brings
Digitalisation is a transversal phenomenon that is affecting all sectors of the company, including construction.
Digitization of the enterprise means the adoption of technologies that allow to dematerialize documents in digital information and to transform business processes with the aim of optimizing the business.
The use of technology in business processes should not be considered as a mere replacement of operational tools rather as a process of change that redesigns every aspect of the company, from a strategic, technological, organizational and cultural point of view.
Abandoning traditional tools to automate procedures and streamline workflows or using innovative technologies to change people’s work for the better means producing significant efficiencies; reducing the risk of error, saving and competitiveness.
Digitalization of the company: the situation in Italy
The DESI index, the index of digital economy and society that monitors the digital progress of the member countries of the European Union, Italy ranks at the fourth last place compared to the indices of connectivity, human capital, internet use, use of high-innovation technologies and digital public services by companies.
In essence, what the DESI index gives us is the result of a delay, of a digital gap that mainly concerns the PMI and that if it were filled would lead, according to the Digital Innovation Observatory in PMI, to increase productivity by 15%.
While large companies are struggling with digital transformation, the smaller business fabric proves to be digitally immature compared to the advantage of taking on a strategic model based on automated digital processes and the use of innovative technologies with a loss of benefit on the market not indifferent.
The emergency at Covid-19 has certainly pushed the accelerator of digitization leading to the development of digital solutions but in fact the market demands a greater commitment because it introduces at an ever faster pace innovative processes that require skills to continually update.
If companies want to keep abreast of the dominant digital culture, they will have to include in their structure professional figures competent in innovation or rely on consulting companies that accompany them in the process of digitization.
2. Digitization of the construction sector
Digitization of the construction sector: objectives and benefits
Digital and technological transformation has also invested the construction sector with the need to simplify and make more efficient the flow of information and process management.
The goal of this process of change that involves both the management and the operation of all the figures involved is the digital site: a digital environment that focuses on all the data concerning the work, technical design and implementation information, the management of the safety in the yards, of the factors of risk and criticality, the monitoring of the course of the intense activities, an organized flow of information accessible at any moment and contestable from all the involved figures.
It is still a physical workplace that becomes digital experience by employing intelligent technological devices that improve operation from the point of view of personnel and resources management.
3. The BIM
BIM: what it is and advantages of application
This process of change that has its pillars in digitization and technological innovation is also characterized by a methodology that is really revolutionizing the construction sector: the BIM (Building Information Modeling). BIM is a method that, through a software, optimizes the planning, design, construction and operational management of a building: it allows to collect, connect and share all the data concerning a work for the duration of its life cycle.
The adoption of this digital information system for the construction industry brings with it many advantages. First of all, it allows us to seize the opportunity of the digitization of the sector and to remain competitive on the market; secondly, it allows us to design with considerable savings in time and with more efficient results; it allows us to adapt to the regulatory environment(Nuovo Codice Appalti 50/2016, art23) that has previewed the introduction of the BIM in the notices of public contracts.
The BIM allows the digital representation of the physical and functional characteristics of a building, the potential application of the method in site safety management is therefore also immediate, especially as regards risk analysis and hazard assessment.
4. Security on the site
Now more than ever, because of the Coronavirus emergency, the theme of Smart Safety has taken on a decisive role in the construction sector because it has forced to reorganize and manage safely all the workplaces.
In this direction, Smart Space, which has always had in Smart Safety one of the pillars of its expertise, has developed a series of solutions that can meet all safety needs in construction sites:
1. Control of personal protective equipment
2. Monitoring of environmental risks
3. System with cameras and artificial intelligence for risk reduction
4. Distance monitoring
Smart Space solutions for Smart Safety are the result of a constant commitment to research and development for innovation in the construction sector.
The technological and engineering skills of our team allow us to support the professionals of the sector with consulting services to 360°, from technical support for the formulation of tenders for bids, site management and safety, digital management of contracts.